Name: Federal republic do Brazil.
Surface and limits: 8.511.965 km2s, almost occupy half of the surface of South America. It is limited the north by Venezuela, Guyana, Surinam, French Guayana and the Atlantic Ocean; to the east by the Atlantic Ocean; to the south by Uruguay; to the west by Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia and Peru and to the northwest by Colombia. The republic has common border with all the countries of South America except Chile and Ecuador, its border lines are of 14,691 km, 7,941 km extension of its levels. Brazil is the fifth greater country of the world. Its maximum distance of north to the south is of 4,345 km and this the west of 4,330 km.
States of Brazil: This made up of 26 states: Acre, Alagoas, Amapá, Amazon, Bay, Ceará, Goiás, Espírito Santo, Maranhão, I kill Grosso, I kill Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, For, Paraiba, Parana, Pernambuco, Piau, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande North do, Rio Grande do Sul, Rondônia, Rorâima, Sao Paulo, Santa Catarina, Sergipe, Tocantins and the Federal District (Brasilia)
Population: 186.112.794 (estimation 2005), densidad of population is of almost 22 inhabitants by km2, is the fifth country more colonizing with the world.
The main cities are: Sao Paulo (11.434.252 hab.), Rio de Janeiro (5.857.904 hab.), Salvador de Bahia (2.443.107 hab.), Belo Horizonte (2.350.564 hab.), Brasilia (2.2082.049 hab., considered in 2004), Recife (1.500.000 hab.), Manaus (1.400.001 hab.).
Although the metropolitan regions of Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro count on a greater number of inhabitants, by all the enormous growth undergone in their environs and proximities. The Metropolitan Region of Sao Paulo counts with 20.5 million inhabitants (est. 2005) in a surface of 8,051 km2s. This way, one becomes the greatest megalopolis in extension and population of Latin America, putting itself around New York or Tokyo. The Metropolitan Region of also over-populated Rio de Janeiro, counts with 11.6 million inhabitants.
Capital: Brasilia, previously had been Salvador de Bahia from 1549 to 1763 and Rio de Janeiro from 1763 to 1960 that became Brasilia.
Official language: Portuguese, although the Portuguese who is spoken in Brazil owns an intonation and own accent that him difference del that is spoken in Portugal. The Spanish is being distributed in the Brazilian schools like second language, by parliamentary decision of the Brazilian government in August of 2005.
GDP (Gross Inner product): U.S. $ 1.552.542 million in 2005 (10º put at world-wide level).
GDP per capita: US$ 8,745 in 2005 (put nº 70 at world-wide level).