DISCOVERY OF BRAZIL
Numerous documents exist that guarantee that they were the Spaniards guided by Vicente Yañez Pinzón and Diego de Lepe who discovered Brazil in January of 1500 and therefore before the arrival of the Portuguese, were paying for what today it corresponds to the coast of Ceará, Piaui, Maranhao, For and Amapá, arriving at the same Amazon.
In the following years the Spaniards participate jointly with the Portuguese in the great adventure of the discovery. The Spanish presence in Brazil constitutes a greater presence of the one than has been attributed it, mainly of the Castilians.
Another period of special Spanish influence was the one that took place between 1580 and 1640, stage which I denominate Iberian Union, with the integration of the crowns Spanish and Portuguese, and consequently, of its colonial possessions. Felipe II, Felipe III and Felipe IV (until 1640) were, therefore, kings of Brazil and Portugal. Especially on this stage there is a book that we pointed its reference: COLLECTION MONOGRAPHS TAVERA. BRAZIL DURING THE SPANISH GOVERNMENT: 1580-1640. Roseli Santaella Stella.
Linen cloth exists in Museum of Prado, titleholder recovery of Bay of Brazil builds of great beauty of Juan Baptist Maíno, that commemorates the gift feat Makes of Toledo, who in 1625 was able to snatch to Dutch the Brazilian port of Bay of All the Saints, giving back its sovereignty to Spanish Corona.
RELATIONS BETWEEN SPAIN AND BRAZIL LIKE SOVEREIGN STATES
The relations between Brazil and Spain as sovereign states begin to be developed with the independence of Brazil, exactly the 7 of September of 1822, at first the Spanish government tapeworm its reluctance to recognize Brazil like sovereign state, from fear of which this decision could repel in the legitimation of Spanish the independentistas movements of excolonias.
The official recognition did not take place until year 1834 when the first one in charge of Businesses of Spain in Brazil, D. Jose Delavat and Rincón, in the name of Reina of Spain, presented/displayed all the necessary credentials so that Imperial Brazil was recognized officially by Spain.
During the monarchic period Brazilian Spain it had maintained good relations more by a monarchic solidarity that by the Hispanic interests in that one country. When Pedro II was overthrown fell the last American monarchy, the then question was: like Spain reactionary before this new situation, in which Brazil released a flaming republic? , and although it took in recognizing the new government, this new situation did not bring about a rupture but the quite the opposite relations stayed and increased, resuming projects that already were in march.
At the beginning of century XX, Brazil is considered in Spain a country with many possibilities of future, its enormous wealth and the lack of manpower mainly specialized causes a migratory flow of Spaniards towards these Brazilian earth.
But ahead in years 20, a rivalry is created enters countries both to obtain a permanent position in just created Society of Nations.
Numerous documents pick up the aid given to the Spanish republic by the arrival of numerous Brazilian volunteers during the Spanish Civil War.
Already in 1964, the convergence of desarrollistas strategies between the Brazilian dictatorship of that year and the development plans of Spain has been compared.
Probably there were before and later in it Hispanic-Brazilian relations of century XX, marked with the visit of the president of the Spanish government: D. Adolph Suárez to Brazil in 1979, first realized by a head of government of Spain in more than 157 years of Brazilian history.
Other events favored the bilateral relations and a greater approach enters countries both: Brazilian redemocratización in 1984, the new bases of the policy of democratic Spain towards Latin America and the new consideration of the paper of Brazil, the entrance of Spain in the European Union, the participation of Brazil in the Spanish initiative of Latin American Summits, the creation and development of the Mercosur…
At present the relations between both countries happen for a moment of excellent relations with important investments of Spain in Brazil, and the beginning of numerous projects in different sectors and scopes.
The intensification of these relations represents for Spain the consolidation of a strategy of recovery of its presence in Latin America. Executed with determination from its entrance in the European Union, the Spanish policy of Latin American irradiation is sustained in a strategy of investments that has transformed to Spain world-wide the investing major into the zone, superficially even of the United States. In the political plane, that project is expressed by means of prestige initiatives, like those of Latin American Summits.
BRAZIL - SPAIN IN NUMBERS:
More than 15 million of Brazilian they are descending direct of Spaniards. The Spanish colony in Brazil reunites to 80,000 people and is fourth of Latin America. The Brazilian colony in Spain is considered around 15,000 people. In the year 2000, Spain has raised itself to the first position of the world-wide investors in Brazil. In December of 2000, after the privatization of Banespa, Spain it led the list of investors with a total of 25% and a value
of 4,800 million dollars. The main increase in the Spanish investments in Brazil is detected by its participation in the program of privatizations. The participation of Spain in the privatizations added until May of 2000 about 9,000 million dollars, a 12% of the total. The Spanish export towards Brazil happened of 363 million dollars in 1994 for 1179 million in 1999, and the continued increase to in the following years. The commercial relations practically are balanced, although the rate of cover is slightly positive for Spain (101%). In the ranking of the main commercial partners of Spain, Brazil occupies the first place in Latin America, and the ninth world-wide one reaffirming itself as the main destiny outside the European Union of the Spanish exports, only behind the United States. Data of the Embassy of Spain in Brasilia and Sobeet.